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Storage daemon

A storage daemon is a program used to download and share files in the TON network. The storage-daemon-cli console program, is used to manage a running storage daemon.

The current version of the storage daemon can be found in the testnet branch.

Binaries

You can download storage-daemon and storage-daemon-cli for Linux/Windows/MacOS binaries from TON Auto Builds (storage/ folder).

Compile from sources

You can compile storage-daemon and storage-damon-cli from sources using this instruction.

Key concepts

  • Bag of files or Bag - a collection of files distributed through TON Storage
  • TON Storage's network part is based on technology similar to torrents, so the terms Torrent, Bag of files, and Bag will be used interchangeably. It's important to note some differences, however: TON Storage transfers data over ADNL by RLDP protocol, each Bag is distributed through its own network overlay, the merkle structure can exist in two versions - with large chunks for efficient downloading and small ones for efficient ownership proof, and TON DHT network is used for finding peers.
  • A Bag of files consists of torrent info and a data block.
  • The data block starts with a torrent header - a structure that contains a list of files with their names and sizes. The files themselves follow in the data block.
  • The data block is divided into chunks (128 KB by default), and a merkle tree (made of TVM cells) is built on the SHA256 hashes of these chunks. This allows building and verifying merkle proofs of individual chunks, as well as efficiently updating the Bag by exchanging only the proof of the modified chunk.
  • Torrent info contains the merkle root of the
    • Chunk size (data block)
    • the list of chunks' sizes
    • Hash merkle tree
    • Description - any text specified by the creator of the torrent
  • Torrent info is serialized to a TVM cell. The hash of this cell is called BagID, and it uniquely identifies Bag.
  • Bag meta is a file containing torrent info and torrent header.* This is an analog .torrent files.

Starting the storage daemon and storage-daemon-cli

An example command for starting the storage-daemon:

storage-daemon -v 3 -C global.config.json -I <ip>:3333 -p 5555 -D storage-db

  • -v - verbosity level (INFO)
  • -C - global network config (download global config)
  • -I - IP address and port for adnl
  • -p - TCP port for console interface
  • -D - directory for the storage daemon database

storage-daemon-cli management

It's started like this:

storage-daemon-cli -I 127.0.0.1:5555 -k storage-db/cli-keys/client -p storage-db/cli-keys/server.pub
  • -I - this is the IP address and port of the daemon (the port is the same one specified in the -p parameter above)
  • -k and -p - these are the client's private key and the server's public key (similar to validator-engine-console). These keys are generated on the first run of the daemon and are placed in <db>/cli-keys/.

List of commands

The list of storage-daemon-cli commands can be obtained with the help command.

Commands have positional parameters and flags. Parameters with spaces should be enclosed in quotes (' or "), also spaces can be escaped. Other escapes are available, for example:

create filename\ with\ spaces.txt -d "Description\nSecond line of \"description\"\nBackslash: \\"

All parameters after flag -- are positional parameters. It can be used to specify filenames that start with a dash:

create -d "Description" -- -filename.txt

storage-daemon-cli can be run in non-interactive mode by passing it commands to execute:

storage-daemon-cli ... -c "add-by-meta m" -c "list --hashes"

Adding a Bag of Files

To download a Bag of Files, you need to know its BagID or have a meta-file. The following commands can be used to add a Bag for download:

add-by-hash <hash> -d directory
add-by-meta <meta-file> -d directory

The Bag will be downloaded to the specified directory. You can omit it, then it will be saved to the storage daemon directory.

info

The hash is specified in hexadecimal form (length - 64 characters).

When adding a Bag by a meta-file, information about the Bag will be immediately available: size, description, list of files. When adding by hash, you will have to wait for this information to be loaded.

Managing Added Bags

  • The list command outputs a list of Bags.
  • list --hashes outputs a list with full hashes.

In all subsequent commands, <BagID> is either a hash (hexadecimal) or an ordinal number of the Bag within the session (a number that can be seen in the list by the list command). Ordinal numbers of Bags are not saved between restarts of storage-daemon-cli and are not available in non-interactive mode.

Methods

  • get <BagID> - outputs detailed information about the Bag: description, size, download speed, list of files.
  • get-peers <BagID> - outputs a list of peers.
  • download-pause <BagID>, download-resume <BagID> - pauses or resumes downloading.
  • upload-pause <BagID>, upload-resume <BagID> - pauses or resumes uploading.
  • remove <BagID> - removes the Bag. remove --remove-files also deletes all files of the Bag. Note that if the Bag is saved in the internal storage daemon directory, the files will be deleted in any case.

Partial Download, Priorities

info

When adding a Bag you can specify which files you want to download from it:

add-by-hash <hash> -d dir --partial file1 file2 file3
add-by-meta <meta-file> -d dir --partial file1 file2 file3

Priorities

Each file in the Bag of Files has a priority, a number from 0 to 255. Priority 0 means the file won't be downloaded. The --partial flag sets the specified files to priority 1, the others to 0.

You can change the priorities of an already added Bag with the following commands:

  • priority-all <BagID> <priority> - for all files.
  • priority-idx <BagID> <idx> <priority> - for one file by number (see with get command).
  • priority-name <BagID> <name> <priority> - for one file by name. Priorities can be set even before the list of files is downloaded.

Creating a Bag of Files

To create a Bag and start distributing it, use the create command:

create <path>

<path> can point to either a single file or a directory. When creating a Bag, you can specify a description:

create <path> -d "Bag of Files description"

After the Bag is created, the console will display detailed information about it (including the hash, which is the BagID by which the Bag will be identified), and the daemon will start distributing the torrent. Extra options for create:

  • --no-upload - daemon will not distribute files to peers. Upload can be started using upload-resume.
  • --copy - files will be copied to an internal directory of storage daemon.

To download the Bag, other users just need to know its hash. You can also save the torrent meta file:

get-meta <BagID> <meta-file>